Photo of Elisabeth Carter

Research output per year

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Personal profile


Dr Elisabeth Carter is a Senior Lecturer in Criminology. Her research examines points at which language and the law intersect in a range of high-stakes and (il)legal contexts. She has a range of research and publications relating to the interactional manifestation of deceptions and ways in which talk is used to persuade in fraud/scam communications and police interviews. Of particular interest is the use and absuse of power through talk, the grooming process of romance fraud and other scam communications, and the ways in which language is manipulated to persuade recipients to be willing participants in their own exploitation, without causing them alarm. 

She teaches Criminology, Policing, Victims of Crime and Research Methods, and encourages enquiries from prospective PhD candidates regarding supervision in areas relating to her research interests.

She has been interviewed about her research on Radio 4's 'Thinking Allowed', has used to expertise on romance fraud to contribute to BBC One's For Love or Money, to police operations, national campaigns and NHS England Safeguarding literature.




Research interests

I am interested in all points at which language and the law intersect.

I am currently examining:

-The interactional strategies of perpetrators of scam communications


Overarching research interests:

Language as evidence,

Negotiation, power and interaction,

Creating research that applies to, and impacts on policy and practice in the Criminal Justice System.

Professional affiliations

Fraud Women's Network (FWN)

British Society of Criminology (BSC)

British Sociological Association (BSA)

International Association of Forensic Linguists (IAFL)

International Pragmatics Association (IPrA)

Law and Society Association (LSA)

Higher Education Academy (HEA) Fellow

Society of Forensic Interviewers (SoFI)


Teaching interests


Forensic linguistics



Currently teaching (2020 - 21)

Policing and Criminal Juctice

Victims of Crime

Criminological Imagination

Introduction to Criminal Justice




Undergraduate dissertation supervision

Postgraduate dissertation supervision

Masters in Global Criminology



External positions

External Examiner, University of Northumbria

1 Oct 2015 → …
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