Personal profile


I have spent most of my career at the University of Roehampton. I became Professor of English in 2007 and since then I have been Director of the Centre for Research in Romanticism, and leader of the ‘Romantic Illustration Network’ The network has recently produced a volume of essays, Romanticism and Illustration (Cambridge University Press, 2019) which I co-edited with Susan Matthews and Mary L. Shannon. I was President of BARS (British Association for Romantic Studies) from 2015 to 2019.

Though I have worked on many areas of British literature, most of my research now focuses on the radical politics and visual culture of the period 1750-1850, especially political caricature. I established a new paradigm for caricature studies in Romanticism and Caricature (Cambridge University Press, 2013) and my recent books Queen Caroline and the Power of Caricature in Georgian England (Palgrave 2023) and The Rise of Victorian Caricature (Palgrave 2020) fill a gap in our knowledge of the evolution of graphic satire.

In addition to my monographs Bloody Romanticism (Palgrave 2006) and The Revolution in Popular Literature (2004), I also co-edited Spain in British Romanticism (Palgrave, 2018) and The Gordon Riots (2012).

My research has been supported by awards from the AHRC, Leverhulme, British Academy, Research Society for Victorian Periodicals (RSVP) and many libraries and collections including the Lewis Walpole, Beinecke, Huntington, Harry Ransom, and Wilhelm Busch Museum of Caricature. 

I have given keynote talks and invited lectures in many countries including Taiwan, Japan, Spain, Portugal, France, Germany, Austria, Bulgaria, Holland, and Sweden. 

I welcome applications for research supervision in any of my areas of expertise. 

Here is a list of my principal publications, excluding reviews.



(2023) Queen Caroline and the Power of Caricature in Georgian England (Palgrave)



(2020) The Rise of Victorian Caricature (Palgrave)


(2019) Romanticism and Illustration ed. Ian Haywood, Susan Matthews and Mary Shannon (Cambridge University Press)


(2018) Spain in British Romanticism ed. Diego Saglia and Ian Haywood (Palgrave)


(2013) Romanticism and Caricature (Cambridge University Press) Paperback 2015


(2012) The Gordon Riots: Politics, Culture and Insurrection in Late Eighteenth-Century Britain ed Ian Haywood and John Seed (Cambridge University Press) Paperback 2014


(2012) Romanticism, Forgery and the Credit Crunch ed Ian Haywood (Romantic Circles Praxis series)


(2007) ‘Romantic Spectacle’, special issue of Romanticism on the Net 46 ed. Ian Haywood and John Halliwell


(2006) Bloody Romanticism: Spectacular Violence and the Politics of Representation 1776-1832 (Palgrave)


(2004) The Revolution in Popular Literature: Print, Politics and the People, 1790-1860 (Cambridge University Press) Paperback 2009


(2001) Chartist Fiction. Volume 2. Ernest Jones, ‘Woman's Wrongs’ (Ashgate). Reprinted Routledge 2016.


(1999) Chartist Fiction. Thomas Doubleday, ‘The Political Pilgrim’s Progress’; Thomas Martin Wheeler, ‘Sunshine and Shadow’ (Ashgate). Reprinted Routledge 2016.


(1998) Brave New Causes. Women in British Postwar Fictions (Cassell) Co-authored with Deborah Philips.


(1995) The Literature of Struggle. An Anthology of Chartist Fiction (Ashgate). Reprinted Routledge 2016.


(1997) Working-class Fiction. From Chartism to ‘Trainspotting’ (Northcote House/British Council; Writers and Their Work)


(1987) Faking It: Art and the Politics of Forgery (Harvester Press)


(1986) The Making of History: A Study of the Literary Forgeries of James Macpherson and Thomas Chatterton in Relation to Eighteenth Century Ideas of History and Fiction (Associated University Presses) 




(2020) ‘Illuminating Propaganda: radical medievalism and utopia in the Chartist period’. In Corinna Wagner and Joanne Parker, eds. The Oxford Handbook to Victorian Medievalism (Oxford University Press), 370-93.


(2020) ‘Radical Print Culture: From Chartism to Socialism’. In Talia C. Schaffer and Dennis Denisoff, eds. The Routledge Companion to Victorian Literature, 71-81.


(2019) ‘The Importance of ‘Phis’: The Role of Illustration in Lloyd’s Imitations of Dickens’. In Sarah Louise Lill and Rohan McWilliam, eds. Edward Lloyd and His World: Popular Fiction, Politics and the Press in Victorian Britain (Routledge), 71-95


(2019) ‘Illustration, Terror, and Female Agency: Thomas Macklin's Poets Gallery in a Revolutionary Decade’. In Ian Haywood, Susan Matthews and Mary Shannon, eds. Romanticism and Illustration (Cambridge University Press), 199-220.


(2019) ‘The Sounds of Peterloo’. In Michael Demson and Regina Hewitt, eds.

Commemorating Peterloo: Violence, Resilience and Claim-Making during the Romantic Era (Edinburgh University Press), 57-83.


(2018) ‘The Spanish “revolution” in print and image’. In Diego Saglia and Ian Haywood, eds. Spain in British Romanticism (Palgrave), 215-40.


(2017) ‘The Life of William Cobbett: caricature, hauntology and the impossibility of radical life writing in the Romantic Period’. In John Goodridge and Bridget Keenan, eds. A Cambridge History of Working-Class Writing (Cambridge University Press), 176-194.


(2012) ‘ “A Metropolis in Flames, and a nation in ruins:” The Gordon riots as sublime spectacle’. In Ian Haywood and John Seed, eds. The Gordon Riots: Politics, Culture and Insurrection in Late Eighteenth-Century Britain (Cambridge University Press), 117-43.


(2012) ‘Paper Promises: Restriction, Caricature, and the Ghost of Gold’. In Ian Haywood, ed., Romanticism, Forgery and the Credit Crunch (Romantic Circles Praxis series)


(2009): ‘Shelley’s Mask of Anarchy and the iconography of female distress.’ In Philip Connell and Nigel Leask, eds. Romanticism and Popular Culture (Cambridge University Press), 148-74.




(2017) ‘Pandemonium: radical soundscapes and satirical prints in the Romantic period’. In ‘Noise’, special issue of Republics of Letters: A Journal for the Study of Knowledge, Politics, and the Arts 5. 2 (November 2017)Edited by David Ellison


(2016) ‘Hazlitt and the Monarchy: legitimacy, radical print culture and caricature’, The Hazlitt Review 9: 5-26.


(2011) ‘ “The dark sketches of a revolution”: Gillray, the Anti-Jacobin Review, and the aesthetics of conspiracy in the 1790s’, European Romantic Review 22. 4 (June), 431-52


(2010) ‘The Transformation of Caricature: A Reading of Gillray’s The Liberty of the Subject’, Eighteenth Century Studies 43.3 (Winter 2010), 223-42


(2009) ‘The Spectropolitics of Romantic Infidelism: Cruikshank, Paine and The Age of Reason’, Romanticism and Victorianism on the Net 45