An interdisciplinary review of current and future approaches to improving human-predator relations

S. Pooley, M. Barua, W. Beinart, A. Dickman, G. Holmes, J. Lorimer, A.J. Loveridge, D.W. Macdonald, G. Marvin, S. Redpath, C. Sillero-Zubiri, A. Zimmermann, E.J. Milner-Gulland

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In a world of shrinking habitats and increasing competition for natural resources, potentially dangerous predators bring the challenges of coexisting with wildlife sharply into focus. Through interdisciplinary collaboration between authors trained in the humanities, social sciences and natural sciences, this paper offers a review of current approaches and a vision for future approaches to understanding and mitigating adverse human-predator encounters. The paper first reviews some limitations to current approaches to mitigation. Second, it reviews an emerging interdisciplinary literature, identifying key perspectives on how to better frame and therefore successfully mitigate such conservation conflicts. Third, it discusses the implications for future research and management practice. It is concluded that a demand for rapid, 'win-win‘ solutions for conservation and development favours dispute resolution and technical fixes, obscuring important underlying drivers of conflicts. Without due cognisance of these underlying drivers, our well intentioned efforts, focussed on human wildlife conflicts, will fail.

© 2016. The attached document (embargoed until 27/10/2017) is an author produced version of a paper published in Conservation Biology uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self- archiving policy. The final published version (version of record) is available online at Some minor differences between this version and the final published version may remain. We suggest you refer to the final published version should you wish to cite from it.
Original languageEnglish
JournalConservation Biology
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2016


  • human-wildlife conflict, predators, interdisciplinary research, conservation management

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