Defining instances and limbs during performance of the standing turn

Tina Smith, Siobhan Strike

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Conventions have been reported to describe walking and turning gait. No such descriptions appear for the 180° standing turn and as such there are inconsistencies in the literature reporting on this movement. The complexity of explaining the standing turning motion, variation in number of steps when turning, and differing strategies used means conventions will make research reporting easier to comprehend and less likely for errors in interpretation. We propose definitions of the 180° standing turning motion and steps used to complete a turn for able-bodied and pathological populations to encourage consistency in reporting. It is recommended that the definitions be applied in future research on standing turns.

© 2017, Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. . The attached document (embargoed until 12/05/2018) is an author produced version of a paper published inGait & Posture, uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self- archiving policy. The final published version (version of record) is available online at Some minor differences between this version and the final published version may remain. We suggest you refer to the final published version should you wish to cite from it.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-122
Number of pages4
Early online date12 May 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 May 2017


  • Journal Article

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