Fairwork Belgium Ratings 2022: Labour Standards in the Platform Economy

Valeria Pulignano, Claudia Marà, Milena Franke, Markieta Domecka, Alessio Bertolini, Mark Graham

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned reportpeer-review


The growth of the platform economy in Belgium, although less rapid
than in its neighbouring countries, has triggered heated debates around
workers’ legal classification and their protection. The structures for
collective employment regulations and strong trade unions under the
Ghent system provide some protections for workers, but in the specifi
context of the platform economy, they do not always translate into fairer
working conditions. The lack of guaranteed minimum wage and social
security coverage for self-employed workers in the platform economy
results in underpaid and unpaid labour. Falling outside the scope of
collective sectoral agreements, platform work is also linked to lack of job
protection and lack of collective voice. This study by the Fairwork Belgium
team sheds light on the working conditions of platform workers and
makes practical suggestions for improving them.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages36
Publication statusPublished - 6 Apr 2022


  • platform economy
  • food delivery
  • fair work

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