Interactions of Fiscal and Monetary Policies under Waves of Optimism and Pessimism

Pasquale Foresti, Paul De Grauwe

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In this article we study fiscal and monetary policies interaction under the assumption that agents have limited cognitive capabilities. To this aim, we employ a behavioral New Keynesian model in which agents' beliefs generate endogenous waves of optimism and pessimism. The role of such waves is studied under three alternative policy setups: fiscal dominance, monetary dominance and no dominance.
Output, inflation, government spending and public debt result to be strongly linked to the agents' beliefs irrespectively of the policy regime. However, under fiscal dominance the system is characterized by more persistent waves of optimism and pessimism. The consequent higher volatility of the system under fiscal dominance also undermines the central bank's credibility. We show that in order to minimize these negative effects of fiscal dominance, under such a regime governments should focus on public debt stabilization and leave the stabilization of output and inflation to the monetary authority.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Economic Behavior and Organization
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2023

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