Making numbers: Issues in using manipulatives with young children

Susan Gifford, Jenni Back, Rose Griffiths

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


The Making Numbers research Project, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, has developed guidance for teachers of 3 to 9 year olds on the use of manipulatives in the teaching of arithmetic. The project, which consisted of a literature review, survey of teacher use and small-scale teaching investigations,identified key principles and issues for the use of manipulatives. This paper gives a brief overview of project findings, which are reported elsewhere, and discusses issues relating to the early years from the literature review.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Tenth Congress of the European Society for Research in Mathematics Education
Subtitle of host publicationCERME10, February 1-5, 2017
EditorsTeresa Dooley, Ghislaine Gueudet
Place of PublicationDublin, Ireland
Publisher DCU Institute of Education and ERME
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Early childhood mathematics
  • representations
  • manipulatives
  • patterns
  • finger counting

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