Microtubule-Mediated Regulation of β <sub>2</sub>AR Translation and Function in Failing Hearts

Zoe Kwan, Binoy Paulose Nadappuram, Man Hon Manton Leung, Alexander Kondrashov, SANIKA, Ao Li, Kumuthu Amaradasa, Ji Chen, Stephen Rothery, Iyobel Kibreab, Jiarong Fu, Jose L. Sanchez-Alonso, Catherine A. Mansfield, Hariharan Subramanian, Peter T. Wright, Pamela Swiatlowska, Viacheslav Nikolaev, Beata Wojciak-Stothard, A.P. Ivanov, Joshua EdelJulia Gorelik

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Background: Beta-1 adrenergic receptor (β1AR)- and Beta-2 adrenergic receptor (β2AR)-mediated cyclic adenosine monophosphate signaling has distinct effects on cardiac function and heart failure progression. However, the mechanism regulating spatial localization and functional compartmentation of cardiac β-ARs remains elusive. Emerging evidence suggests that microtubule-dependent trafficking of mRNP (messenger ribonucleoprotein) and localized protein translation modulates protein compartmentation in cardiomyocytes. We hypothesized that β-AR compartmentation in cardiomyocytes is accomplished by selective trafficking of its mRNAs and localized translation. Methods: <jats:p/>The localization pattern of β-AR mRNA was investigated using single molecule fluorescence in situ hybridization and subcellular nanobiopsy in rat cardiomyocytes. The role of microtubule on β-AR mRNA localization was studied using vinblastine, and its effect on receptor localization and function was evaluated with immunofluorescent and high-throughput Förster resonance energy transfer microscopy. An mRNA protein co-detection assay identified plausible β-AR translation sites in cardiomyocytes. The mechanism by which β-AR mRNA is redistributed post–heart failure was elucidated by single molecule fluorescence in situ hybridization, nanobiopsy, and high-throughput Förster resonance energy transfer microscopy on 16 weeks post–myocardial infarction and detubulated cardiomyocytes. Results: <jats:p/> β <jats:sub/>1 AR and β <jats:sub/>2 AR mRNAs show differential localization in cardiomyocytes, with β <jats:sub/>1 AR found in the perinuclear region and β <jats:sub/>2 AR showing diffuse distribution throughout the cell. Disruption of microtubules induces a shift of β <jats:sub/>2 AR transcripts toward the perinuclear region. The close proximity between β <jats:sub/>2 AR transcripts and translated proteins suggests that the translation process occurs in specialized, precisely defined cellular compartments. Redistribution of β <jats:sub/>2 AR transcripts is microtubule-dependent, as microtubule depolymerization markedly reduces the number of functional receptors on the membrane. In failing hearts, both β <jats:sub/>1 AR and β <jats:sub/>2 AR mRNAs are redistributed toward the cell periphery, similar to what is seen in cardiomyocytes undergoing drug-induced detubulation. This suggests that t-tubule remodeling contributes to β-AR mRNA redistribution and impaired β <jats:sub/>2 AR function in failing hearts. Conclusions: <jats:p/> Asymmetrical microtubule-dependent trafficking dictates differential β <jats:sub/>1 AR and β <jats:sub/>2 AR localization in healthy cardiomyocyte microtubules, underlying the distinctive compartmentation of the 2 β-ARs on the plasma membrane. The localization pattern is altered post–myocardial infarction, resulting from t-tubule remodeling, leading to distorted β <jats:sub/>2 AR-mediated cyclic adenosine monophosphate signaling.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCirculation research
Publication statusPublished - 23 Oct 2023

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