The efficacy of online jigsaw puzzling for mental well‐being in older adults: A pilot study

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Objectives: The aim of the present research was to test the feasibility of a randomised controlled trial comparing five consecutive days of regular online jigsaw puzzling (JP) against a no‐treatment control group in improving mental well‐being outcomes in older adults. Methods: Eighteen older adults (65–80 years) were randomly assigned to either the JP (9) or control (9) group and completed a range of mental health and well‐being measures for five consecutive days. We assessed recruitment rates, completion rates and participants' experiences of the intervention. Results: Recruitment issues meant that 18 of the 32 intended participants took part in the trial. All participants completed the trial. Qualitative analysis indicated that participants experienced the JP intervention as accepted, with indications of enhanced enjoyment and self‐esteem at study completion. Conclusion: The present pilot study indicates that testing the efficacy of JP is feasible. A full‐scale clinical trial of this intervention should be considered, which can determine the efficacy of the JP intervention.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)502-512
JournalCounselling and Psychotherapy Research
Publication statusPublished - 2024


  • jigsaw puzzling
  • older adults
  • mental health
  • therapy

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