The Role of Government and the international competitiveness of SMEs: Evidence from Ghanaian Non-Traditional Exports

Kenneth Appiah, Collins Osei, Habte Selassie, Ellis Osabutey

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Purpose- The nature of international markets and the challenges with respect to the competitiveness of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) makes it imperative to examine government support. The study aims to assess the role and effectiveness of government and the Export Promotion Agencies in supporting exports by non-traditional horticultural SMEs in Ghana.
Design/methodology/approach -The study employed a qualitative research design which involved semi-structured interviews with senior managers of six export facilitating institutions to gain understanding of the services offered to SMEs with respect to exports of non-traditional horticultural products.
Findings – The findings reveal inadequate cost-efficient sources of non-traditional horticultural export financing for SMEs. This is a hindrance to the international competitiveness of exporting SMEs in developing countries such as Ghana. In addition, effective and co-ordinated support from export promotion agencies was found to be critical.
Originality/value- The study highlights the importance of government's role in policymaking and implementation of export-led programmes for horticultural exporting firms in Ghana. Despite their strategic importance, this area of research has not attracted the attention of researchers, with little or no information on horticultural international competitiveness of non-traditional horticultural products.
Keywords: International competitiveness, non-traditional exports, horticulture SME exporters, and developing economies.
Research type: Research paper

© 2019, Emerald Publishing Limited. This is an author produced version of a paper published in CRITICAL PERSPECTIVES ON INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self- archiving policy. The final published version (version of record) is available online at the link. Some minor differences between this version and the final published version may remain. We suggest you refer to the final published version should you wish to cite from it.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCritical Perspectives on International Business
Publication statusPublished - 7 Oct 2019

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