Where I Am and Where I Want to Be: Perceptions of and Aspirations for Status and Inclusion Differentially Predict Psychological Health

Nikhila Mahadevan, Aiden P. Gregg, Constantine Sedikides

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Abstract

Consistent with the motives to achieve social status and inclusion being fundamental, higher levels of both, actual and perceived, have been linked with better psychological health. This study (N=680) sought to extend understanding of such links by examining how individual differences in aspirations for status and inclusion correlated with psychological health (higher trait self-esteem, lower trait anxiety). Whereas perceptions of higher status and inclusion showed a positive link to psychological health, higher aspirations for status and inclusion showed a negative link. The former and latter pairs of links persisted after controlling for one another, and no evidence emerged of moderation. It is beneficial to perceive one’s status and inclusion as high, but not to aspire for them to be, regardless of how such perceptions and aspirations interrelate.

© 2018, Elsevier. The attached document (embargoed until 17/11/2020) is an author produced version of a paper published in PERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES uploaded in accordance with the publisher’s self- archiving policy. The final published version (version of record) is available online at the link below. Some minor differences between this version and the final published version may remain. We suggest you refer to the final published version should you wish to cite from it.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-174
JournalPERSONALITY AND INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES
Volume139
Early online date17 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 17 Nov 2018

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